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Medical Insurance: Glossary of Provider Specialties

SKELETAL DISORDERS - Bones:

    Chiropractor - Manipulative treatment of disorders originating from misalignment of the spine
    Orthopedic Surgeon - Diagnosing and treating bones, joints, and muscles
    Orthotics - Field of knowledge relating to the making and fitting of orthopedic appliances such as brace or splint to support, align, prevent, or correct deformities or to improve movement of body parts.
    Osteopath - Uses traditional forms of medicine as well as treating health problems by spinal manipulation
    Podiatrist - Diagnoses and treats disorders of the foot
    Rheumatologist - Diagnoses and treats rheumatic diseases, characterized by inflammation in connective tissues. (i.e. -arthritis, fibromyalgia)

MUSCLES:

    Orthopedic - Diagnosing and treating bones, joints, and muscles
    Rheumatologist - Diagnoses and treats rheumatic diseases, characterized by inflammation in connective tissues. (ie -arthritis, fibromyalgia)
    Neurologist - Treats the cause of paralysis and similar muscular disorders in which there is a loss of function
    Physiatrist - Physical medicine and rehab with the focus on restoring function.
    Sports Medicine Physician - Treats sports related injuries of bones, joints and muscles

CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM - Heart and Blood:

    Cardiologist - Diagnoses and treats abnormalities, diseases, and disorders of the heart.
    Hematologist - Diagnoses and treats disorders of the blood and blood-forming tissues

LYMPHATIC AND IMMUNE SYSTEMS:

    Allergist - Diagnoses and treats disorders causing allergic reactions.
    Hematologist - Diagnoses and treats disorders of the blood.
    Immunologist - Diagnoses and treats disorders of the immune system
    Oncologist - Diagnoses and treats malignant disorders such as tumors and cancer.

RESPIRATORY SYSTEM - Lungs and other breathing problems:

    Otolaryngologist (aka otorhinolaryngologist) - Diagnoses and treats disorders of ears, nose and throat
    Pulmonologist - Diagnoses and treats disorders of the lungs and associated tissues.

DIGESTIVE SYSTEM - Mouth, throat, stomach, intestines

    Dentist - Diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of teeth and tissues of the oral cavity
    Gastroenterologist - Diagnoses and treats disorders of the stomach and intestines
    Internist - Diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of the internal body organs and related body systems.
    Orthodontist - Prevents or corrects malocclusions (improper placement) of teeth and related facial structures.
    Periodontist - Prevents or treats disorders of tissues surrounding the teeth
    Proctologist - Specializes in disorders of the colon, rectum, and anus.

URINARY SYSTEM:

    Nephrologist - Diagnoses and treats disorders of the kidneys.
    Urologist - Diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of the urinary system of females and the genitourinary (both genital and urinary) system of males
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